The creation of the Gran Colombia
Have you ever wondered why Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador share the same pattern in their national flags ? Why long ago they were the same country, the Gran Colombia or the Republic of Colombia. It was a project led by Simon Bolivar, which began in 1819 through the Basic Law of Colombia and completed in 1821 at the Congress of Cucuta, Colombia.
First New Granada / Cundinamarca (present Colombia ) and Venezuela joined with the name of the Republic of Colombia. That same year, Panama also joined. After these events, Simon Bolivar went to fight for the independence of Ecuador (Quito ) also joined the Republic of Colombia in 1822 and in the front for the liberation of Peru
First proposed flag of Great Colombia in 1819 to 1820 .
Second proposal flag , 1820s to 1821.
Final flag of the Republic of Colombia.
A part of these territories, there were somewhere in Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru and Guyana. Simon Bolivar wanted to create a strong country to deal with the Empire Spanish and French, that they desist from a possible conquest of these territories. The Republic of Gran Colombia officially existed for 10 years, from 1821 to 1831
Map of Gran Colombia.
Simon Bolivar led the wars of independence from the Spanish Empire of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Bolivia creator. He was known as ‘El Libertador’.
The ten years of the new country were marked by internal rivalries, first centralization of the country, the location of the capital, Bogota, highly questionable from Venezuela and the political aspirations of some leaders as Simon Bolivar controlled all power. In Venezuela the current independence grew to the point that in 1830 declared its constitution and its new president, General Paez. Followed by Ecuador, which declared its separation from the union and the Venezuelan Juan Jose Floréz led the country. Panama is definitely separated 1903, years earlier and there were attempts to separation movement led by Juan Eligio Alzuru.
The New Granada made tweaks to the flag of the Republic up to the current design Colombia :
Modified flag of New Granada until 1834.
Flag of New Granada from 1834 to 1861.
Flag of the United States of New Granada, used from 26 July to 26 November 1861.
Current flag of Colombia adopted on 1861.
Venezuela followed the following changes to its flag:
Preserving the format of the Colombian Republic, but changing the text ‘State of Venezuela’, 1830 to 1836.
The first after the Republic, in force from 1836 to 1859.
Flag Venezuelan Federation. Officer 1859 to 1863.
This flag led the country from 1863 until 1905. changes made by President Juan Crisostomo Falcon.
Flag changed by the official Cipriano Castro, 1905 to 1930.
Flag with seven stars, but put into semi circle. Official was 1930 to 1954.
Venezuela flag shield and the seven stars, official of 1954 to 2006.
Current flag of Venezuela.
In Ecuador the next evolution continued:
Flag of Ecuador, while retaining the format of the flag of Great Colombia, from 1830 to 1833.
In 1833 the shield of flag, this was used until 1835 was replaced.
From 1835 to 1845 the colors were kept but the shield was removed.
At the end of the revolution of March 6, 1845, the flag was replaced by three vertical bands of blue and white. Three stars mean the departments of Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca.
In November 1845 seven stars representing the provinces were placed. This flag remained until 1860.
The September 26, 1860, García Moreno signed the decree to return to the tricolor flag, which is what remains today.
And finally, Panama had the following variants:
The duration of the union with Colombia this flag was used until 1903.
This proposal was withdrawn as the flag of the country. Phillipe Bunau-Varilla, the first president traveled to New York and a friend made for him this flag. Clearly inspired by the US, the colors of their bands were a tribute to the colors of Spain and soles meant the union that makes Panama with North and South America.
Finally 1903 Manuel Encarnación Amador represented on the flag the two political movements of the time, in line with the target of peace. The stars represent the purity and strength of Panamanians.
A year later, the flag changed the design order making it more colorful and visually was finally ratified on 1941.
Article prepared with information from sites: www.telesurtv.net and lagrancolombia-webquest.blogspot.com.es